Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, irregular or absent menstrual periods, and high levels of male hormones.

Symptoms of PCOS may include weight gain, acne, excessive hair growth, and fertility issues. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Although there is no cure for PCOS, it can be managed through lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, and medications to regulate menstrual cycles and reduce symptoms.

Regular check-ups and monitoring are important to prevent long-term complications, such as diabetes and heart disease, which are more common in women with PCOS.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects up to 10% of women of childbearing age. It is characterized by an imbalance of reproductive hormones, including insulin, and can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Irregular or missed menstrual periods

  • Excess hair growth on the face and body

  • Acne

  • Weight gain

  • Difficulty losing weight

  • Infertility

  • Thinning hair

  • Darkening of the skin around the neck, armpits, and groin

  • Mood swings

  • Fatigue


The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the risk factors for PCOS include:

  • Family history of PCOS

  • Obesity

  • Insulin resistance

  • Inflammation

  • High levels of androgens (male hormones)


There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for PCOS, as the best approach will vary depending on the individual's symptoms and goals. However, some common treatments include:

  • Lifestyle changes: Losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can help to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce many of the symptoms of PCOS.

  • Medications: Medications such as metformin, birth control pills, and anti-androgen drugs can be used to regulate hormones, improve menstrual cycles, and treat acne and excess hair growth.

  • Fertility treatments: If you are trying to conceive, fertility treatments such as ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination can help to increase your chances of success.

How to improve PCOS

In addition to the treatments listed above, there are a number of other things you can do to improve your PCOS symptoms and overall health, including:

  • Eat a healthy diet: A healthy diet for PCOS includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and limits processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.

  • Exercise regularly: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

  • Get enough sleep: Most adults need around 7-8 hours of sleep per night.

  • Manage stress: Stress can worsen PCOS symptoms, so it is important to find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation.

Naturopathic treatments

Naturopathic treatments for PCOS focus on addressing the underlying causes of the condition, such as insulin resistance, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Some common naturopathic treatments for PCOS include:

  • Herbal supplements: Certain herbs, such as berberine, cinnamon, and spearmint, have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce PCOS symptoms.

  • Acupuncture: Acupuncture has been shown to be effective in improving menstrual regularity, ovulation, and fertility in women with PCOS.

  • Vitamin and mineral supplements: Certain vitamins and minerals, such as inositol, chromium, and magnesium, have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce PCOS symptoms.

woman wearing black panty
woman wearing black panty

Polycystic ovary syndrome

What is PCOS?